|‘The European Union’ is a group of 28 countries in Europe.
All people living in the European Union should be equal.
For example, all people should have the same chances in work.
All people should be treated the same.
‘The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights’
The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) published a report on the situation of equality in Member States, expressing its opinion on the implementation of European directives on racial equality and equality in employment. Even though these directives brought a progress in equality implementation across the EU, discrimination remains a part of daily reality for many Europeans. FRA highlighted various factors which are still to be improved to achieve equality.
FRA calls upon Member States to intensify their efforts in raising awareness about the anti-discrimination legislation which did not caught public attention in many countries.
Institutional and procedural reforms are needed in many countries to allow access to justice in cases of discrimination. Trade Unions pointed out that sanctions in the context of discrimination in employment should be set and reinforced by appropriate bodies at national level.
FRA states that countries should make an effort to collect policy-relevant data to create stronger anti-discrimination legislation. The lack of the evidence makes it difficult to take effective measures to combat discrimination.
Moreover, the equality directives encourage the Member States to take positive actions, for example to adopt specific measures to compensate disadvantaged groups of citizens. Positive actions aiming to put the equality into practice by diminishing gaps between citizens, should be introduced in the EU states.
FRA also sees that there are great gaps in anti-discriminatory protection in different countries. Some EU members went beyond the equality directives and provided the protection in additional areas. Horizontal Directive proposed by the European Commission in 2008 has an ambition to establish a minimum level of protection which should be implemented in all countries to prevent from discrimination.
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