Role of the European Union in deinstitutionalisation and independent living – Video

What is deinstitutionalisation and what is the role of the European Union? This video shows different ways the EU supports deinstitutionalisation.

Role of the European Union in deinstitutionalisation and independent living - Video

Find the meaning of the words in bold in the dictionary at the end of the document.

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In the European Union,

some persons with disabilities

have their rights violated because

they are still segregated in institutions. 


Especially those with intellectual disabilities

and with complex support needs. 

The United Nations Convention (UN CRPD)

The United Nations Convention on the

Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UN CRPD) says

that every person with disability has rights.


Rights to live independently and to be included in community.

Rights to have access to education, health, work and employment.

Rights to fully participate in political and public life.  

What is deinstitutionalisation

To end segregation of people with disabilities in institutions,

governments need to support moving people out

from care institutions to their own home

and with a support they can rely on.


That process is called deinstitutionalisation. 


The European Union has improved the lives

of people with disabilities by

setting up different ways to support


Role of European Union in deinstitutionalisation

The European Disability Rights Strategy

is the main way of the European Union

to implement the UN CRPD.


The European Pillar of Social Rights 

promotes accessibility and independence

in education, work, housing,

and person-centred care.

The European Structural and Investment Funds

and the European Union directive on Work life Balance

support people who take care of relatives with disabilities 

and promote community-based services. 

The European Expert Group on the transition from institutional to community-based care (EEG)

EEG is short for the “European Expert Group

on the Transition from Institutional to Community-based Care”.


The EEG is a group of people who work on

getting people out of institutions and into the community.


Inclusion Europe is an active member of the EEG.

EEG develops reports, guidelines and trainings

to support people with disabilities. 

Number of people in institutions

The number of people in institutions

in the European Union has not changed

over the past ten years.  


1,5 million people with disabilities in the

European Union still live in care institutions

separated from the rest of the society. 


The road is long but together

we can take measured steps

towards a Europe where people live free,

happy and independently regardless of who they are.  

Role of the European Union in deinstitutionalisation and independent living - Video

Our work brings the voice of people with intellectual disabilities and their families where decisions about their future are made.

This has always been incredibly important. It is even more so with the Covid pandemic drastic impact on their rights and lives.

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