What is deinstitutionalisation and independent living – Video

Easy to understand video about deinstitutionalisation and independent living.

What is deinstitutionalisation and independent living - Video

Find the meaning of the words in bold in the dictionary at the end of the document.

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Persons with disabilities in institutions

There are 1.5 million people with disabilities in

the European Union that live in institutions.


People with disabilities face many

problems in institutions.


For example, the institution has full guardianship

over people with disabilities and people with

disabilities may experience violence.


During COVID-19, many people

with disabilities died in institutions.


The European Union needs to

support deinstitutionalisation.

How to support deinstitutionalisation

Independent living

Independent living means that persons

with disabilities can make their own decisions.

Who they live with and organise their lives.


Persons with disabilities need

accessibility to be independent.


Persons with disabilities need accessibility

of the environment and the transport.


The information and communication 

about community-based services

needs to be easy to understand.

Community based services

Community-based services mean that

persons with disabilities must have access

to various services that enable them

to live and be part of the community.


Services that need to be accessible for people

so that they can live independently are

housing, health care, education  

employment, culture and leisure.  


End segregation of persons with disabilities

To achieve full inclusion and

end the segregation of person with disabilities 

governments must work closely with organisations

of people with disabilities.


Governments need to work closely 

with self-advocacy organisations. 


Support should be person centred,

especially for those with complex support needs. 

We need to work together to make

deinstitutionalisation a reality because

people with disabilities have the right to 

live independently 

make their own decisions  

be part of the community

and enjoy their full rights. 

What is deinstitutionalisation and independent living - Easy to understand

Our work brings the voice of people with intellectual disabilities and their families where decisions about their future are made.

This has always been incredibly important. It is even more so with the Covid pandemic drastic impact on their rights and lives.

Being visible and vocal on issues directly affecting millions of people requires your support. 

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